Our topic of focus is on numerous High Powered approved Biofuel/Ethanol turnkey plants worldwide, especially in Brazil, US and UK, France, Germany, and so on. The target set for Biofuel/Ethanol production globally by 2012 is very-very huge.
Unimaginable capacities are being up-loaded by adding capacities to existing plants. New Licenses to set up new Ethanol turnkey projects are being issued regularly to qualified as well as new enterprising Ethanol producers. These biofuel turnkey projects promoting biofuel are actively undertaken by the respective Government, Energy organisation, Public and Private enterprises of all countries.
Our Groups is committed to mobilise and upgrade Green Technologies. The projects engineered and designed by us accelerates Cleaner Technologies. We are dedicated and deeply involved in the subject of biofuels through consistent research and development. Our know-how provides total Ethanol/Biofuel production technology. Our technology offer total zero effluent discharge system and complete pollution solutions for the effluent generated as result of Ethanol production.
Ethanol is a green fuel. Ethanol is conformed and confirmed to strongly replace Fossil Fuel-petrol in a phased world programme by 2015. Technology has evolved to blend from 10% to 85% Ethanol with gasoline (petrol). Technology up gradation has proven that 100% Ethanol (without gasoline mix) can now be used for all compression and ignition applications for industrial and motor vehicle fuel injection systems directly.
All the Advanced countries and underdeveloped countries, geographically blessed with abundant tropical feed stocks and raw material for production of Ethanol is today only concentrating on large scale Ethanol production and its infrastructure. Awareness drive conducted to profitably bring in huge area of lands under farmers cooperatives and societies for systematic cultivation of abundant alternative feedstock like sugarcane, corn, grains, sweet sorgam, sugarbeet etc…. to meet the rising global demand for Ethanol production.
This means dependability on fossil fuel ie. Gulf based Fossil Fuel-Petrol will be reduced drastically in the days to come. Presently, the programme of being self sufficient on Green Fuel/Biofuel is the ‘buzz word’ for all Advanced and Underdeveloped countries. The target set to be achieved is within the next 8-10 years time.
The rapid switching over from fossil fuel to green fuel is one of the answers to reduce Global Warming.
The proven technology offered by us is with strong reference to the proven plants running successfully world-wide. We design and engineer plants that guarantee very economical operational/running cost per litre of production of Ethanol/Biofuel. Our technology and system guarantees faster Return on Investment. Our system offered gives better economics of production and lesser operating cost.
The Economics of Operations and Return on Investment will be well defined by us at the feasibility stage on a case to case basis depending upon the proposed capacity of the plant and the alternate feed stock raw material availability.
Once the proposed project is technically frozen with the Proposed Buyer, we will be able to stand guarantee for the performance of the plant on all the parameters of production of Ethanol agreed upon mutually. This obligation and parameters of performances will form a part of the contractual obligations signed and agreed mutually by both the contracting parties.
We are geared up to globally accept and upgrade all technical innovations and challenges for state-of-the-Art Ethanol/Biofuel production turnkey plants from time to time. We are prepared to answer all the qualitative and quantitative technological related queries. We shall prescribe specific know-hows and special recommendations for setting up state-of-the-Arts Ethanol plants successfully. It will be our priority to meet the highest decision makers of all the proposed Ethanol producing organization and offer the the best techno-commercial terms.
We will conduct special technical seminars and technical presentations to bring in awareness of latest technological development and answer all technical queries and apprehensions for setting up, operating and running Ethanol/Biofuel plants successfully.
We are highlighting herewith our groups engineering and designing capability, competence, capacity and USP to cater to world wide requirement for all ranges of biofuel/Ethanol plants encompassing the state of the art technology.
Highlighting herewith is also the general advantages of use of bio-fuel/Ethanol fuel.
Our mission and target is to promote our state-of-the-Art Turnkey Ethanol/Biofuel plants worldwide. The important task now is to target, locate, identify and reach all the proposed as well as sanctioned projects for biofuel/Ethanol world-wide well in time.
what is Bioethanol
Ethanol is a clear, colorless alcohol fuel made from the sugars found in grains, such as corn, sorghum, and wheat, as well as potato skins, rice, and yard clippings. Ethanol is a renewable fuel because it is made from plants. There are several ways to make Ethanol from biomass. The most commonly used processes today use yeast to ferment the sugars and starch in corn. Corn is the main ingredient for Ethanol in the United States due to its abundance and low price. Most Ethanol is produced in the corn-growing states in the Midwest. The starch in the corn is fermented into sugar, which is then fermented into alcohol. Other crops such as, barley, wheat, rice, sorghum, sunflower, potatoes, sugar cane and sugar beets can also be used to produce Ethanol.
Ethanol , also known as ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol or grain alcohol, is a flammable, colorless, slightly toxic chemical compound, and is best known as the alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. In common usage, it is often referred to simply as alcohol. Its molecular formula is variously represented as EtOH, CH 3CH 2OH, C 2H 5OH or as its empirical formula C 2 H 6 O (which it shares with dimethyl ether).
After the use of fire, fermentation of sugar into Ethanol is perhaps the earliest organic reaction known to humanity, and the intoxicating effects of Ethanol consumption have certainly been known since ancient times. In modern times Ethanol intended for industrial use has also been produced from byproducts of petroleum refining.
Because of Ethanol's ease of production and its low toxicity, it finds widespread use as a solvent for substances intended for human contact or consumption, including scents, flavorings, colorings, and medicines. In chemistry it is both an essential solvent and a fundamental feedstock for the synthesis of other products. Because it burns cleanly, Ethanol has a long history as a fuel, including as a fuel for internal combustion engines.
Chemical structure of Ethanol
The properties of Ethanol stem primarily from the presence of its hydroxyl group and the shortness of its carbon chain. Ethanol's hydroxyl group is able to participate in hydrogen bonding, rendering it more viscous and less volatile than less polar organic compounds of similar molecular weight. Ethanol, like most short-chain alcohols, is flammable, colorless, has a strong odor, and is volatile.
Ethanol is slightly more refractive than water with a refractive index of 1.36242 (at λ=589.3 nm and 18.35 °C).
Ethanol is a versatile solvent, miscible in all proportions with water and many organic solvents, including acetic acid, acetone, benzene, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, diethyl ether, ethylene glycol, glycerol, nitromethane, pyridine, and toluene. [ It is also miscible with light aliphatic hydrocarbons such as pentane and hexane, as well as aliphatic chlorides such as trichloroethane and tetrachloroethylene. Ethanol's miscibility with water is in contrast to longer chain alcohols (five or more carbons), whose water solubility decreases rapidly as the number of carbons increases.
Hydrogen bonding causes pure Ethanol to be hygroscopic to the extent that it readily absorbs water from the air. The polar nature of the hydroxyl group causes Ethanol to dissolve many ionic compounds, notably sodium and potassium hydroxides, magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, ammonium chloride, ammonium bromide, and sodium bromide. Sodium and potassium chlorides are slightly soluble in Ethanol.Because the Ethanol molecule also has a nonpolar end, it also dissolves nonpolar substances, including most essential oils, as well as numerous flavoring, coloring, and medicinal agents.
Several unusual phenomena are associated with mixtures of Ethanol and water. Ethanol-water mixtures have less volume than their individual components. A mixture of equal volumes Ethanol and water has only 95.6% of the volume of equal parts Ethanol and water, unmixed (at 15.56 °C). The addition of even a few percent of Ethanol to water sharply reduces the surface tension of water. This property partially explains the tears of wine phenomenon. When wine is swirled in a glass, Ethanol evaporates quickly from the thin film of wine on the wall of the glass. As its Ethanol content decreases, its surface tension increases, and the thin film beads up and runs down the glass in channels rather than as a smooth sheet.
Ethanol and mixtures with water greater than about 50% Ethanol are flammable and easily ignited. This principle was used for the alcoholic proof, which initially consisted on adding gunpowder to a given liquor: if the mixture ignited, it was considered to be "100 proof". Ethanol-water solutions below 50% Ethanol by volume may also be flammable if the solution is vaporized by heating (as in some cooking methods that call for wine to be added to a hot pan, causing it to flash boil into a vapor, which is then ignited to "burn off" excessive alcohol).
Sugar cane and sugar beets are the most common ingredients for Ethanol in other parts of the world. Since alcohol is created by fermenting sugar, sugar crops are the easiest ingredients to convert into alcohol. Brazil, the country with the world's largest Ethanol production, makes most of its Ethanol this way. Today, many cars in Brazil operate on Ethanol made from sugar cane.
With the rising prices of gas and growing concern about global warming, people are starting to look towards alternative fuel sources. One that is becoming a mainstream trend is Ethanol. There are benefits of Ethanol as a fuel source including energy independence and environmental advantages.
Ethanol is an alcohol fuel alternative, “Feedstocks for this fuel include corn, barley, and wheat, as well as sugar cane and beets. E85 fuel is a blend of 85% Ethanol and just 15% petroleum that is designed for use in flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs). There are lower blends such as E10, 10% Ethanol and 90% petroleum, which can be used in most standard petroleum engines