BENEFITS OF Biodiesel
1. Biodiesel PROVIDES ENERGY SECURITY
Biodiesel provides work for our nation’s farmers and our local communities. It is made from domestically grown soy and vegetable waste oils. It can be produced in the using crops grown domestically that will benefit farmers (Jatropha, soy, canola, mustard, cotton seed, walnuts, flax, etc.).
2. Biodiesel’S LOWER EMISSIONS PROMOTE BETTER HEALTH
Biodiesel lowers pollutant risks to our residents and costs to clean the air when compared to ground and waterways of diesel pollutants and improperly disposed waste. Biodiesel lowers harmful carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and hydrocarbon levels by 50 to 100%. It thus reduces soot, smog, and cancer-causing compounds. Biodiesel has had a complete evaluation of potential health effects approved by EPA under the Clean Air Act.
• Sulfur (Causes respiratory disease and contributes to acid rain) = 100% reduction
• Particulate matter (Black soot and smoke exhaust) = 47% reduction
• Carcinogenic potential = 94% reduction
• Carbon Dioxide (CO2) (primary greenhouse gas contributing to global warming) = 78% reduction
• Hydrocarbon emissions (volatile organic compounds, or VOCs, which form harmful ozone) = 85% reduction
• Carbon Monoxide (CO) = 48% reduction
3. Biodiesel OFFERS A HIGH ENERGY BALANCE
Pure Biodiesel has the highest BTU content of any alternative fuel, and the highest energy balance of any fuel. Every unit of fossil energy needed to produce Biodiesel yields at least 3.2 units of energy (based on soy based Biodiesel-- higher still from more efficient crops). By comparison, every unit of fossil energy needed to produce gasoline and diesel fuel yields only about .8 of a unit of energy.
4. Biodiesel REQUIRES NO ENGINE MODIFICATION
Biodiesel is the one alternative energy we can use now. It requires no new vehicles, pumps, or infrastructure. Higher lubricity adds more life to your engine, particularly the new ultra low sulfur diesel. Higher solvency may require a few minor modifications in older diesel vehicles. It mixes easily with petroleum diesel at ANY level. It has higher cetane, similar power and torque, and meets ASTM standards.
5. Biodiesel IS THE SAFEST FUEL
100% pure Biodiesel is non-toxic and biodegradable. Its flash point is 150° higher than diesel, making it the safest fuel on the market. It is 10 times less toxic than salt, and it biodegrades quickly.
6. Biodiesel OFFERS EPACT BENEFITS
Congress approved the use of Biodiesel as an Energy Policy Act compliance strategy in 1998. The legislation allows EPAct-covered fleets to meet their alternative fuel vehicle purchase requirements simply by buying 450 gallons of 100% Biodiesel and burning it in a 20% or higher blend with diesel fuel in vehicles over 8,500 pounds.
7. Biodiesel TURNS “WASTE” INTO ENERGY
Biodiesel can be produced cheaply from widely available and recyclable feedstocks. Many of these feedstocks are by-products that until now have had little market value; they include waste cooking oil, yellow grease, Jathropha seeds, mustard seed, canola, soy bean oil, Palm oil etc…, .
8. Biodiesel AIDS REGIONAL INDEPENDENCE
By supporting Biodiesel, everyone in the region wins. Farmers and restaurant owners get more value for their work. Cities get cleaner and a higher tax base. The job base gets larger and children get healthier. The energy created within any region stays in that region, which makes good economic sense. The Department of Energy now recognizes Biodiesel as the fastest growing alternative fuel in the US and all developed and developing nations.
9. Biodiesel AIDS OIL SPILL CLEAN-UP
Biodiesel can be used to “cling” to petroleum in spills; it increases the breakdown rate of petroleum components.
10. Biodiesel OFFERS ENERGY FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
The diesel engine is the backbone for most developing nations. Basic necessities are based around the price of fuel. Building a Biodiesel infrastructure paves the way for our poorer neighbors to clean their environment while creating jobs and energy.
It is a renewable bio-based fuel and, as such, has lower life cycle CO2 emissions than diesel derived from mineral oils.
Neat Biodiesel contains almost no sulfur and no aromatics. In a properly tuned engine this is expected to lead to lower particulate exhaust emissions.
The material is bio-degradable and non-toxic.
As an oxygenated compound, it reduces the non-soluble fraction of the particles.
The PAH content of exhaust particles is reduced. In a mixture with low-sulfur diesel, Biodiesel can act as a lubricity improver. The absence of sulfur allows more efficient use of oxidation catalysts
Biodiesel runs in any unmodified diesel engine. There is no "engine conversion" typical of other alternative fuels. The diesel engine can run on Biodiesel because it operates on the principle of compression ignition whereby air is compressed and then fuel is sprayed into the ultra-hot, ultra-pressured combustion chamber. Unlike gasoline engines, which use a spark to ignite the fuel/air mixture, diesel engines actually use fuel to ignite hot air. This simple process allows the diesel engine to run on thick fuels. Since Biodiesel is chemically similar to petroleum diesel fuel, you can pour Biodiesel right into the fuel tank of any diesel vehicle. Biodiesel has many advantages as a transport fuel. Biodiesel has lower emissions, it is made domestically (which increases national security), it does not affect engine performance and Biodiesel is produced from plants. Since plants are a product of solar energy, Biodiesel is "liquid solar fuel." Biodiesel runs in any conventional, unmodified diesel engine. No engine modifications are necessary to use Biodiesel and there is no "engine conversion." In other words, "you just pour it into the fuel tank."KEY BENEFITS OF Biodiesel
• Similar physical and chemical properties to petroleum diesel
• Engine performance is virtually the same as petroleum diesel. Higher cetane value than conventional diesel, means reduced knocking and smoother running engine
• No infrastructure or diesel engine changes are needed to burn Biodiesel
• Non-toxic, biodegradable and essentially free of sulfur and carcinogenic benzene.
• No danger from oil spills and safer to handle. Has a higher flashpoint than diesel (safer)
• Produces a significantly improved emissions profile because it contains virtually no sulfur or
• Markedly improves combustion and makes for a significantly cleaner burn because Biodiesel supplies additional oxygen (contains 11% oxygen by weight vs. diesel has 0% oxygen)
• Mixes readily with petroleum diesel, making it a very effective fuel additive. In a 20% blend with diesel, emissions are significantly reduced
• Improved lubricity of the fuel means there is less need for maintenance of injectors and injector pumps
(fuel injection systems)
• Cleans fuel system instead of leaving deposits like normal diesel does
• Shelf life is the same as diesel. Storage additives are recommended for periods longer than 6 months (Longer shelf life and more stable than diesel ~~ study by U.S. Navy)
• Quality is assured by ASTM standards (ASTM D6751, and the older ASTM PS121)
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS OF Biodiesel USE
• It's a renewable energy source – inexhaustible energy source
• Free of sulfur – reduces sulfur dioxide emissions
• Free of carcinogenic benzene and other carcinogenic emissions are reduced
• Does not increase life cycle carbon (CO 2) in the atmosphere helping stop global warming. Decreases
fossil fuel based CO 2 by 78%
• Reduces hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), particulate (PM10) emissions and smoke